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Home > Nepal > Lumbini Birth Place of Buddha
Lumbini is the place where the Buddha, known as the Tathagata* was born. It is the place which should be visited and seen by a person of devotion and which should cause awareness and apprehension of the nature of impermanence.' * Tathagata - One who has found the Truth.

The birthplace of the Gautama Buddha, Lumbini, is the Mecca of every Buddhist, being one of the four holy places of Buddhism. It is said in the Parinibbana Sutta that Buddha himself identified four places of future pilgrimage: the sites of his birth, enlightenment, first discourse, and death. All of these events happened outside in nature under trees. While there is not any particular significance in this, other than it perhaps explains why Buddhists have always respected the environment and natural law.

Lumbini is situated at the foothills of the Himalayas in modern Nepal. In the Buddha's time, Lumbini was a beautiful garden full of green and shady Sal trees (Shorea). The garden and its tranquil environs were owned by both the Shakyas and Kolias clans. King Suddhodana, father of Gautama Buddha was of the Shakya dynasty belonging to the Kshatriya or the warrior caste. Maya Devi, his mother, gave birth to the child on her way to her parent's home in Devadaha while taking rest in Lumbini under a sal tree in the month of May in the year 642 B.C. The beauty of Lumbini is described in Pali and Sanskrit literature. Maya Devi it is said was spellbound to see the natural grandeur of Lumbini. While she was standing, she felt labor pains and catching hold of a drooping branch of a Sal tree, the baby, the future Buddha, was born.

The bas relief above depicts Maya Devi with her right hand holding on to a branch of a sal tree with a newborn child standing upright on a lotus petal, shedding an oval halo, around his head, while two celestial figures pour water and lotuses from vessels of heaven as indicated by the delineation of clouds. This nativity scene was installed by Malla Kings of the Naga dynasty from about the 11th to 15th Century in the Karnali zone of Nepal.

In 249 BC, when the Emperor Ashoka visited Lumbini it was a flourishing village. Ashoka constructed four stupas and a stone pillar with a figure of a horse on top. The stone pillar bears an inscription which, in English translation, runs as follows: "King Piyadasi (Ashoka), beloved of devas, in the 20 year of the coronation, himself made a royal visit, Buddha Sakyamuni having been born here, a stone railing was built and a stone pillar erected to the Bhagavan having been born here, Lumbini village was taxed reduced and entitled to the eight part (only)".

Ashokan Pillar - an inscribed pillar erected by Emperor Ashoka (249 BC) on the spot of Buddha's birth. The inscription, which is the oldest in Nepal, grants Lumbini a tax-free status in honor of Buddha’s birth.

Buddhist Temples - there are foundations of temples dating from the 2nd century BC to the 9th century AD, and two modern temples: one in Tibetan style, the Dharma Swami Maharaja Buddha Temple, which was built by the king of Mustang, and one Nepalese Theravada style building, the Lumbini Buddha Vihar, which was built by the Nepalese government and contains Tibetan-style frescoes and Newari-style Buddhist images. Outside the main complex, there are other temples built in the styles of countries where Buddhism is the predominant religion, such as Chinese, Japanese and Burmese.

The Japan Peace Stupa - the 41m imposing structure is situated at the northern end of the gardens.

The Lumbini Museum displays artifacts from the Mauryan and Kushana periods, religious manuscripts and other items discovered at the site.

The Lumbini International Research Institute (LIRI) is devoted to the study of Buddhism and other religions. It houses an extensive collection of books on religion, art and architecture.

Ghale Treks offers Buddhism Pilgrimage as suggested itinerary below:

Suggested Itinerary:
Day 01. Arrival: Upon arrive in Kathmandu International Airport pickup by Ghale Treks staff then transfer to hotel and rest of the day free for leisure. Overnight at hotel.

Day 02. Kathmandu to Lumbini (Bhairahawa): After breakfast, drive (8 hours) or flight to (45 minutes) Lumbini. Check in hotel. A brief sightseeing trip to the surrounded area.

Day 03. Lumbini/Tilaurakot (Kapilvastu)/Lumbini: Early breakfast at the hotel, visit Lumbini Garden for worship, then drive to Tilaurakot (Kapilvastu) covering major shrines such as: Gotihawa, Niglihawa and Kundan.

Day 04. Lumbini to Kathmandu: Breakfast at the hotel, then drive to Kathmandu. Visit Ramgram on the way to Kathmandu. Arrival Kathmandu in the evening. Check in hotel.

Day 05. Kathmandu: After breakfast, full day tour to the main Buddhist Shrines situated in the Kathmandu valley such as: Boudha Nath, Soyambhu Nath, Maha Boudha and other shrines.

Day 06. Departure: After breakfast, transfer to Kathmandu airport for flight to Home.

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Overview of Trip
Trip Highlights:
Great opportunity to see world’s deepest gorge Kaligandaki, most spectacular Himalayan views with experience traditional village life.

Trip Duration:
5 Nights / 6 Days

Trip Type:
Package Tour withBed and Breakfast

Grade & Elevation:

Moderate, 4130 meters (Max.)

Tour Start & End Point:

From Kathmandu to Kathmandu

Group Size:
Minimum 2 or above

Trip Season:
September – December & February – May
Pictures of Trip
BuddhaMayadevi TempleAshok Pillar
Click on Image to Enlarge
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