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Home> Nepal Travel Guide> General Information
Nepal is a landlocked country in South Asia. It is bordered by China to the north and by India to the south, east and west. The Himalaya mountain range runs across Nepal's northern and western parts, and eight of the world's ten highest mountains, including the highest, Mount Everest, are within its territory.

The modern state was formed with the Unification of Nepal by Prithvi Narayan Shah on December 21, 1768. Prior to 2006, Nepal was a kingdom and the only nation with Hinduism as its official religion. At present, Nepal is officially and constitutionally a secular country. Its recent history has involved struggles for democratic government with periods of direct monarchic rule. From 1995 until 2006, Nepal suffered from a Civil War between government forces and Maoist guerrillas of the Communist Party of Nepal.

On December 28, 2007, the Interim Parliament passed a bill and declared Nepal to be a Federal Democratic Republic. The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly officially implemented that declaration on May 28, 2008.

Nepal is a multi-cultural, multi-linguistic and multi religious country. For a relatively small country, Nepal has a diverse landscape, ranging from the humid Terai plains in the south to the mountainous Himalayas in the north, which makes it a major tourist destination. Hinduism is practised by a huge majority of the people, but the country also has a strong Buddhist tradition; Lumbini, the birthplace of Buddha Siddhartha Gautama is located in the Terai, one of the three regions of Nepal.
Nepal As seen by the World:
Wanderlust Travel Award 2001, UK
Second Position in the Top Country Category

Modern Maturity (Sep/Oct 2001), America's largest circulated magazine
The Annapurna Trail-one of the best 12 walks in the world

Observer Travel Award 2002, UK
Favorite Long Haul Destination, Second Position

Lonely Planet
Draped along the greatest heights of the Himalaya, the Kingdom of Nepal is a land of sublime scener, time-worn temple, and some of the best walking trails on earth.

BBC Holiday-50 place to see before you die
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