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Home> Nepal Travel Guide> General Information
Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and altitude variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 meters above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848 meters, all within a distance of 150 kilometers resulting in climatic conditions from sub-tropical to arctic.

This wild variation fosters an incredible variety of ecosystems, the greatest mountain range on earth, thick tropical jungles teeming with a wealth of wildlife, thundering rivers, forested hills and frozen valleys.

Within this spectacular geography is also one of the richest cultural landscapes anywhere. The country is a potpourri of ethnic groups and sub-groups who speak over 93 languages and dialects. Nepal offers an astonishing diversity of sightseeing attractions and adventure oppurtunities found nowhere else on earth. And you can join in the numerous annual festivals that are celevrated throughout the year in traditional style highlighting enduring customs and beliefs.
Nepal at Glance
Location
: Nepal is a land-locked country bordering with the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China in the north and surrounded by India in the east, south and west.

Language:
Nepali is the official language of Nepal. However, educated people can speak English.

Seasons:
Nepal has four major seasons (1) Winter: December-February, (2) Spring: March-May, (3) Summer: June-August and (4) Autumn: September-November. Nepal can be visited all the year round.

People and Religion: Hindu, Buddhist, Islam, Muslim, animism and others religion.

Currency: Nepali Rupee notes come in Rs. 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, 100, 500, 1000 denominations. Coins come in Rs. 1, 2, 5 and 10 denominations.

Area: 147,181Sq. Kms
Capital: Kathmandu
Latitude: 26* 12’ and 30* 27’ North
Longitude: 80* 4’ and 88* 12’ East
National Flower: Rhododendron-Arboreum {Lali Gurans}
National bird: Impeyan pheasant {Danfe}
Vegetation: Nepal possesses some of the most outstanding bio-diversity in the world ranging from sub tropical rain forest to Alpine deserts.
Weather: Climate rages from tropical in low land to arctic in higher altitudes.
Natural resources: Hydropower, breathtaking mountains, copper, cobalt, iron, water

Major Ethnic groups:
Chhettri 15.5%, Brahman-Hill 12.5%, Magar 7%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.5%, Newar 5.4%, Muslim 4.2%, Kami 3.9%, Yadav 3.9%, other 32.7%, unspecified 2.8% (2001 census)

Agriculture products:
Rice, Corn, Wheat, Sugarcane, Jute, Root crops, Milk, water
Industries:Tourism, carpet, textile, small rice, Jute, sugar, and oilseed miles, cigarettes, cement and brick production.
Currency code: Nepalese Rupee {NPR}

National park:
Shey-Phoksundo national park, Sagarmatha national Park, Rara national park, Chitwan National park, Makalu Barun National park, Langtang national park, Shivapuri national park, Bardia national park, Kanchenjunga national park, World Heritage sites(cultural): Kathmandu durbar square, Bhaktapur durbar square, Patan durbar square, Swayambhunath, Boudhanath, Pashupatinath, Changaunarayan, and Lumbini.

Natural world heritages site (natural):
Royal chitwan National park and Sagarmatha national park
Conservation area: Annapurna conservation area, Manasalu conservation area.
Wildlife reserve: - Shukla phant wildlife reserve, Dhorpatan hunting reserve, Koshi tappu wildlife reserve, Parsa wildlife reserve

Popular Trek destination:
- Everest region, Annapurna region, Langtang region
Highest mountains: Mt. Everest {8,848m}, Kanchenjunga {8597m}, Lhotse {8511m}, Makalu {8481m}, Dhaulagiri {8167m}, Manaslu {8156m}, Cho Oyu {8125m} & Annapurna I {8091m}

Customs Formalities:
All baggage must clear through the customs on arrival at the entry point. Personal effects are permitted free entry. A tourist may bring in dutiable goods, such as tobacco and liquor, within the prescribed quantity free of duty. Carrying narcotics, weapons and ammunition are strictly prohibited. Visitors can export souvenirs to their respective countries. The export of antiques requires special certificate from the Department of Archaeology